Where can you find us
98 Ion Mihalache Bvd., Bucharest
Phone appointments
+ (40) 787 327 944
Our timetable
L - V: 8.00 - 20.00; S: 9.00 - 14.00

What is Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology is the medical specialty that deals with digestive tract diseases and glands.


What is the digestive tract?

The digestive tract comprises the following organs:




 Small intestine

Large intestine (colon)

What are the adjacent organs of the digestive tract?

The adjacent organs of the digestive tract are as follows:

 Salivary glands




 Colecist (gall bladder)

The most common symptoms of digestive diseases are the following:

  • Abdominal pain in different locations
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Burns behind the sternum
  • Swallowing problems
  • Changes in taste - bitter, sour, metallic
  • Bloating
  • Flatulence
  • Increasing of the abdomen for various causes
  • jaundice
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Changes in the stools - with blood, pus, parasites, black, red, green
  • Low appetite – anorexia
  • Weight loss - can occur in digestive cancers, lack of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, digestive inflammatory diseases, cirrhosis etc.
  • Weight gain - can occur through water retention, obesity
  • Fatigue

What tests are being modified in digestive diseases?

Although there are numerous digestive diseases in which tests can be normal (especially at the beginning of the disease), usually in digestive diseases are the following tests are modified:

  • Hemogram (hemoglobin may decrease in bleeding or lack of absorption of some substances, cirrhosis, thrombocytes decrease in cirrhosis and increase in digestive cancers, leucocytes increase in infections and decrease in cirrhosis)
  • VSH- increases in infections or digestive tumors
  • Transaminases
  • Bilirubin
  • GGT
  • Alkaline phosphatase
  • Blood albumin
  • Tumor markers
  • Amylase
  • Lipase
  • Hepatitis viruses
  • Tests for digestive and liver immune diseases
  • Stool tests
  • Ultrasound, CT or Abdominal MRI
  • Biopsy of digestive organs

What are the diseases that the gastroenterologist is dealing with?

The most common diseases and symptoms related to this specialty are the following:

  • Ascitic fluid = water in the abdomen
  • Problems after gall operation
  • Gallstones = gall bladder lithiasis
  • Other problems with gall
  • Diseases and various digestive symptoms 
  • Digestive Cancers 
    • Colon cancer
    • Esophagus  cancer
    • Cancer of the pancreas
    • Gastric cancer
    • Suspected of digestive cancer
    • Cancer of liver and gall bladder
  • Hepatic cirrhosis
    • Liver cirrhosis
    • Hepatic cirrhosis with complications
  • Complications in liver disease - chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, alcoholic hepatitis, autoimmune hepatitis, hepatic steatosis, etc.
  • Fat liver - liver steatosis
  • Enarged liver
  • Diseases of the esophagus or symptoms of esophageal disease
    • Esophagitis
    • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
    • Hiatal hernia
    • Cancer of esophagus
    • Esophageal varices
    • Esophageal polyps
    • Other esophageal endoscopic changes
  • Stomach diseases
    • Gastric ulcer
    • Gastritiso
    • Gastric cancer
    • Gastric polyps
  • Colon diseases
    • Colon or rectal cancer
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Colonic diverticulosis
    • Colon polyps
    • Ulcerohemoragic rectocolitis
    • Anal fissures
    • Irritable colon
    • Changes found in colonoscopy
  • Pancreas diseases
    • Acute pancreatitis
    • Chronic pancreatitis
    • Cancer of the pancreas
    • Pancreatic cysts
    • Calcifications, nodules or other pancreatic changes found in ultrasound, CT or MRI
  • Helicobacter pylori with or without symptoms
  • Higher digestive haemorrhage (through the mouth) and inferiot (through stools)
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Hepatitis
    • Alcoholic hepatitis
    • Toxic hepatitis
    • Autoimmune hepatitis
    • Chronic hepatitis
    • Hepatitis B and C viruses in pregnant women
  • Viral Hepatitis
    • Hepatitis C
    • Chronic Hepatitis B
    • Hepatitis B transmission
    • Hepatitis B treatment
    • Interferon and chronic hepatitis
    • Healthy "carrier" of B virus
    • Vaccination in hepatitis B
    • Hepatic B virus - viral markers
    • Viremia in hepatitis
  • Jaundice
  • Digestive polyps
  • Stool problems
  • Different liver problems
  • Liver and gall bladder disease
  • Spleen problems
  • Tumors of the liver and bile ducts
  • Tumors of the abdominal organs


In these situations, a consultation with us could help to identify a correct diagnosis, which would allow for proper treatment.